To make European bio-based activities more visible, the Bio-based Industries Consortium (BIC) and nova-Institute have developed a poster that maps the commercial biorefineries in Europe anno 2017. For the map, a biorefinery has been defined as „an integrated production plant using biomass or biomass-derived feedstocks to produce a range of value added products and energy“.
Between July and November a survey was organised to gather biorefinery information across Europe. In total 224 biorefineries have been mapped. The mapping exercise shows the diversity of biomass used as well as different types of biorefineries: the oil-/fat-based biorefineries mainly produce biodiesel (64) or oleochemicals (54); 63 sugar-/starch-based bio-refineries mainly produce bioethanol but also products for use in food or feed or biochemicals; 25 wood-based biorefineries (excluding pulp for paper only) produce pulp, tall oil, specialty cellulose or bioethanol; 5 biorefineries produce cellulosic fibre or bioethanol from other lignocellulosic feedstock such as wheat straw, Miscanthus or switch grass; 13 biorefineries produce bioethanol or biodiesel from biowaste (incl. food waste). The mapping will be updated annually.