Biorefineries are processing facilities that convert biomass into food, food ingredients, feed, chemicals, materials, fuels and energy using a wide variety of conversion technologies in an integrated manner. A common goal for biorefineries is to use all parts of the biomass raw material as efficiently as possible, i.e. maximising the economic added value, while minimising the environmental footprint.
A sustainable waste management system that fully uses the potential of agricultural, forestry and municipal (biogenic) wastes will be essential to enable the circular economy and can supply the bioeconomy with recycled raw materials. Key policy asks: (1) Ensure access to biomass ; (2) Promote industrial symbiosis and boost secondary raw materials; and, (3) Promote bio-based packaging.